Extract on Residential Care
123. Facilities providing
residential care should be small and be organized around the rights and needs
of the child, in a setting as close as possible to a family or small group
situation. Their objective should generally be to provide temporary care and to
contribute actively to the child’s family reintegration or, if this is not
possible, to secure his/her stable care in an alternative family setting,
including through adoption or kafala
of Islamic law, where appropriate.
124. Measures should be taken so
that, where necessary and appropriate, a child solely in need of protection and
alternative care may be accommodated separately from children who are subject
to the criminal justice system.
125. The competent national or
local authority should establish rigorous screening procedures to ensure that
only appropriate admissions to such facilities are made.
126. States should ensure that
there are sufficient carers in residential care settings to allow
individualized attention and to give the child, where appropriate, the
opportunity to bond with a specific carer. Carers should also be deployed
within the care setting in such a way as to implement effectively its aims and
objectives and ensure child protection.
127. Laws, policies and
regulations should prohibit the recruitment and solicitation of children for
placement in residential care by agencies, facilities or individuals.